Types of Planets, Benefic and Malefic, Sattvic, Rajasic, TamasicDifferent Planet Types

The nine planets of astrology have their unique meanings, but they also fall into various groupings, which help us to better understand their functions, psychological effects and different possible outcomes. 

Benefic and Malefic Planets

Although these terms may seem to be fatalistic or superstitious to some, we have to remember that all planets were created with a magnificent grand design to them and therefore they are supremely good each.  However, we can better understand their nature by the terms benefic or malefic, related to the words benefit and malice respectively. 

  • Benefic: of direct blessing, upliftment and good fortune; can be indicative of good karma.
  • Malefic: delivering challenges, crisis inciting, bad karma returning for resolution; but which in the end can manifest strongly positive effects in the life of a person if managed conscientiously.
BeneficMalefic
MoonSun
MercuryMars
VenusSaturn
JupiterRahu (North Node)
Ketu (South Node)

Gunas: Sattvic, Rajasic, and Tamasic

According to the Vedic or Hindu conception of energies (called gunas), planets also have three main different types of effects on our lives. 

  • Sattvic: pure, serene, and harmonious; truth and purity of purpose, being good and looking for good in others, individuality that is relatively self-aware; gives light
  • Rajasic: active, passionate, and agitated; of taking action and searching and trying to find new meanings, dissatisfaction, individuality that is relatively more or less self-aware; gives energy
  • Tamasic: dull and inactive, darkness and ignorance, hard to give up attachment to material desires; individuality that is relatively unaware of self; gives stability
SattvicRajasicTamasic
SunMercuryMars
MoonVenusSaturn
Jupiter

The Lights

The Sun and the Moon are known as the “Lights”, the two main orbs that dominate our day and night sky.  The Sun has a distinctly male character to it, and the Moon as its counterpart is distinctly female in its character.  The Sun is the King and the Moon is the Queen of the sky, if you will.   

Inner Planets

The inner planets are the planets inside the orbit of the Earth, including the Moon.  The Inner Planets in astrology pertain to our social lives, how we interact and emote with others; our interpersonal world. 

The Inner planets are: the Sun, Moon, Mercury, and Venus

The Traditional (or Classical) Planets in Astrology

The traditional (classical) planets are those that can be seen with the naked eye at night, with the exception of the Nodes which are not planets in the astronomical sense. 

Traditional planets are: the Sun, Moon, Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, and the Nodes (Rahu and Ketu)

Outer Planets

The outer planets (beyond Saturn and only visible with a telescope) have been called transgenerational planets.  This is because their movements are so slow that whole generations of people have these planets in basically the same sign positions.  They are more collective in their emphasis, rather than individual or interpersonal. 

Jupiter and Saturn, while visible in the night sky are also considered outer planets due to their slow speed compared to the inner planets. 

The outer planets are: Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, Pluto and the Nodes.

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